Fl.D. Puscaciu

CLASSIC AND MODERN IN THE LOCATION THEORY

Fl.D. Puscaciu, Rose-Marie Puscaciu

Abstract
Our intention is to contribute to the fulfillment of a foray into the first model of the location theory seat forth by von Thunen in the work entitled “The isolated state”, issued in 1826. The author – considered as a pioneer in the economic science succeeded to made a geographical model based on distance and zone. Starting from the spatial configuration similarly to the Thunen’s we intend to present the conditions of building up a monocentric economy, with modern instruments. We wish to approach the making up of the equilibrium prices which appear for the industrial and agricultural products for different placements. We will find out the incomes of the zone, the real and nominal wages. Further, we will relaxe the restriction as for the registration or the industrial activity only in the town, and we will show the conditions which will generate a spur for the industrial firms in order to change the location. So that, they can consider that a monocentric configuration is sustenable, only if there is not another placement which could offer a bigger real salary for the workers. This approach suppose to obtain and to study of a function of potential. All these aspects are studied both on the base of some numerical simulation, and of some graphic building up. We think that with the help of our approach they could determine the influence factors in the placement of the industrial and agricultural activities.

Key words: distance, equilibrium prices, agricultural, industrial, location


ASPECTE CLASICE ŞI MODERNE ÎN TEORIA LOCAŢIEI

Fl.D. Puscaciu, Rose-Marie Puscaciu

Rezumat
Prin contributia noastra dorim sa realizam o incursiune în primul model al teoriei locatiei, model expus de catre von Thunen în lucrarea “Statul izolat” aparuta în anul 1826. Autorul, considerat un deschizator de drumuri în stiinta economica, a realizat un model geografic bazat pe distanta si zona. Pornind de la o configuratie spatiala similara cu cea a lui von Thunen dorim sa prezentam, cu instrumentele moderne ale economiei actuale, conditiile de formare ale unei economii monocentrice. Ne propunem sa abordam formarea preturilor de echilibru la produselor industriale si agricole pentru diferitele amplasari care iau nastere. Astfel, vom stabili veniturile zonelor, salariile nominale si reale. Ulterior vom relaxa restictia privind înregistrarea activitatii industriale numai în oras si vom analiza conditiile care ar genera un stimul pentru ca firmele industriale sa îsi schimbe locatia. Astfel, se poate considera ca o configuratie monocentrica este sustenabila numai daca nu exista o alta amplasare care sa ofere un salariu real mai mare. Acest demers presupune obtinerea si studierea unei functii de potential. Toate aceste aspecte sunt studiate atât pe baza unor simulari numerice, cât si a unor constructii grafice. Prin demersul pe care îl vom întreprinde consideram ca vom determina factorii de influenta în amplasarea activitatilor agricole si industriale.

Cuvinte cheie: distanta, pret de echilibru, agricol, industrial, locatie