L.T. Cziszter


GENERAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE ROMANIAN FARMERS ABOUT THE FARM ANIMAL WELFARE

L.T. Cziszter, S. Acatincăi, Evangelia N. Sossidou, E. Szucs, D. Gavojdian, I. Tripon, Silvia Erina, Sz. Konrįd

Abstract
The aim of the paper was to quantify Romanian farmers’ knowledge of farm animal welfare issues. The survey was carried out on a random sample of 77 farmers in year 2009, based on a questionnaire developed within the framework of the WELANIMAL project (www.welanimal.aku.edu.tr). Regarding the perception of the importance of farm animal welfare and the way this is regulated in Romania and the EU, 66% of the farmers recognize that they do not have an awareness regarding this issue, even though 68% consider that there are some traditions that have a negative impact on it. Among farmed animal species, 54 farmers considered that welfare of dairy cows should be improved the most, followed by laying hens (36 respondents), pigs and beef cattle (19 and 18 respondents respectively). Over 60% of farmers considered that animal welfare receives not enough importance in Romanian’s current food and agricultural policy, while 46.7% considered that in the EU the welfare of farm animals is better than in other parts of the world. Out of 77 respondents, 49 believed that the EU legislation satisfies farm animal welfare during transportation, 43 farm animal at slaughter and 40 the conditions under which animals are kept on farms. Two thirds of the respondents stated that they have some training in animal welfare and they apply the existing standards to determine animal welfare. The most often used measurements to determine the level of the animal welfare by farmers were animal health and production (57 and 47 respondents respectively).

Key words: farm animal welfare, Romanian farmers, knowledge


CUNOŞTINŢELE GENERALE ALE FERMIERILOR ROMĀNI DESPRE BUNĂSTAREA ANIMALELOR DE FERMĂ

L.T. Cziszter, S. Acatincăi, Evangelia N. Sossidou, E. Szucs, D. Gavojdian, I. Tripon, Silvia Erina, Sz. Konrįd

Rezumat
Scopul lucrarii a fost de a cuantifica cunostintele pe care fermierii romāni le au despre problemele de bunastare a animalelor de ferma. Studiul a fost realizat īn anul 2009, pe 77 de fermieri, pe baza chestionarului dezvoltat īn cadrul proiectului WELANIMAL (www.welanimal.aku.edu.tr). Īn ceea ce priveste perceptia importantei bunastarii animalelor de ferma si modul īn care aceasta este legiferata īn Romānia si UE, 66% din fermieri au recunoscut ca nu sunt bine informati īn aceasta privinta, chiar daca 68% dintre ei considera ca exista anumite traditii care au un impact negativ asupra bunastarii animale. Dintre speciile de animale domestice, 54 de fermieri au considerat ca bunastarea vacilor de lapte trebuie sa fie cel mai mult īmbunatatita, urmata de cea a gainilor ouatoare (36 raspunsuri), porci si taurine de carne (19 si 18 raspunsuri). Mai mult de 60% din fermieri considera ca bunastarea animalelor nu primeste suficienta importanta īn politica agricola din tara noastra, īn timp 47% considera ca īn UE bunastarea animalelor de ferma este mai buna decāt īn alte parti ale lumii. Din 77 de respondenti, 49 cred ca īn UE exista legislatie pentru transportul animalelor, 43 pentru abatorizarea animalelor si 40 pentru conditiile de crestere īn ferme. Cel mai des utilizate masuratori pentru determinarea nivelului de bunastare animala de catre fermieri au fost starea de sanatate si productia animalelor (57 si respectiv 47 de raspunsuri).

Cuvinte cheie: bunastarea animalelor de ferma, fermieri romāni, cunoastere