Marcela Sârbu


THE REDUCTION OF THE THERMICAL ENERGY IN THE SWINES SHELTERS

Marcela Sārbu, Ioana Tanasescu, R. Olar

Abstract
In the designing, execution, endowment and exploitation of the farm for the swines growing and exploitation, it is taked into account first by the technological elements of the production process, wich impose the geometrical parameters of the structure in ensamble. The technical performance conditions: strength capacity, stability, ductility, durability, together with the factors wich interfere in the verification of the satisfaction of the quality requirements, satisfy also the requirements of hygiene, health, of the animals and of the peoples, and also the environment protection.The conception of the the swines shelters is made assuring the hygiene of: the air, the water, the hydrotermical hygiene of the interior environment, shining, ilumination, the accustic protection, the finishings quality, the proper manures evacuation, once with the exterior environment protection. In this paper we will analyse the way of assuring of the general and detailing conformation of the considered space in order to reduce the energetical consumption in the conditions of obtaining of an admisible minimal thermical confort in the sectors in winter conditions. We present the technical solutions of the conformations of this structures, to hold the temperature and humidity in the admited limits for each specie, this means to a level coresponding to the conditions in wich the health and the productions to not be affected, assuring an acceptable ambiance.

Key words: shelter, thermical confort, energy consumption

REDUCEREA CONSUMULUI DE ENERGIE ĪN ADAPOSTURILE PENTRU SUINE

Marcela Sārbu, Ioana Tanasescu, R. Olar

Rezumat
Lipsa unor normative care sa reglementeze modul de expertiza termica si energetica a constructiilor agricole, la care se adauga cererea unor fermieri crescatori de suine, ne-a determinat sa studiem unele solutii constructive de elemente verticale de īnchidere, capabile sa reduca pierderile de caldura din incinte si sa evite aparitia condensului pe suprafetele interioare ale acestora.
Īn prima etapa am proiectat o hala pentru cresterea si exploatarea suinelor care adaposteste o tehnologie consacrata, analizānd modul īn care spatiul necesar īn sectoarele de: asteptare, monta, gestatie, maternitate, cresa si īngrasare poate sa asigure un confort minim de microclimat īn conditii de iarna, cu un consum redus de energie.
Auditul energetic, īntocmit īn a doua etapa, pentru trei solutii verticale de īnchidere a spatiului construit ne permit sa recomandam investitorilor varianta īn care pierderile de caldura spre mediul exterior sunt minime.

Cuvinte cheie: suine, confort termic, consum de energie