L.C. Stafie


ALTERNATIVES TO BROILER CHICKENS BREEDING IN PEASANT HOUSEHOLDS

L.C. Stafie

Abstract
At the moment, in Romania, there are three hybrids frequently used in poultry industry: Cobb 500, Ross 308 and Hubbard Flex. Basicly, these hybrids have similar productive characteristics and needs. Hybrid meat Cobb 500 has been designed so as to obtain higher performance with low costs. It is not choosey about nutritional requirements, so in terms of protein, start discussing about the recipe (the percentage of protein in feed prices in general affect the finished feed), the hybrid needs meat are 21% 22.5% PB (Gross protein), unlike Ross 308, which needs to vary between 22 and 25% PB Hubbard Flex 21 22% PB. For the types of farm we have studied, we followed the rules published in the Directive 2007/43/EC, which sets minimum standards of protection and welfare of chickens for meat production. Shelter used in practice to increase the number of 300 chicks were used two types of housing: a disabled worker's car and a bed of corn turned into a shelter for birds. According to this study results, a broiler chicken with a weight of 1.9-2.2 kg costs 7.06 lei, the initial investment is not particularly large and amortized by increasing the first series of chickens, which shows economic efficiency of an actual 300 broiler chickens in a household agro- industrial. If we take into account that a broiler chicken at a weight of 1.9 to 2.2 kilograms live can sell at a price about 12 lei/chicken, produces a net income of 4.94 lei/chicken. It results a total value of 1447.42 lei/series in each production cycle. Breeding broiler chicken in small herds will bring additional incomes in household/small farmers and the forages made by the breeders in their own farms are higher capitalized.

Key words: broiler chicken, profitable, household, investment, fodder, hybrid, cost

SOLUTII ALTERNATIVE PENTRU CRESTEREA PUILOR DE CARNE ĪN GOSPODARIILE TARANESTI

L.C. Stafie

Rezumat
La ora actuala, īn Romānia, īntālnim trei hibrizi de carne si anume Cobb 500, Ross 308 si Hubbard Flex, care au caracteristici productive si necesitati asemanatoare. Hibridul de carne Cobb 500 a fost creat de asa natura īncāt sa obtina performante mai mari cu cheltuieli mici. Acesta este putin pretentios īn privinta cerintelor nutritive, astfel ca din punct de vedere proteic, discutānd despre reteta start (procentul de proteina din furaj influenteaza īn general pretul furajului finit), necesitatile acestui hibrid de carne sunt de 21%-22,5% PB (proteina bruta), spre deosebire de Ross 308, la care necesarul variaza īntre 22-25% PB sau Hubbard Flex cu 21-22% PB. Pentru aceste tipuri de exploatatie a fost luata īn consideratie Directiva 2007/43/CE, prin care sunt stabilite normele minime de protectie si bunastare a puilor destinati productiei de carne. Īn practica, pentru cresterea efectivului de 300 pui, au fost folosite doua tipuri de adaposturi: un vagon muncitoresc dezafectat si un patul de porumb transformat īn adapost de pasari. Din datele rezultate īn urma studiului, rezulta ca un pui de carne cu o greutate de 1,9-2,2 kg costa 7,06 lei/pui, investitia initiala nu este deosebit de mare si se amortizeaza dupa cresterea primei serii de pui, ceea ce demonstreaza eficienta economica a unui efectiv de 300 pui de carne īn gospodarie. Daca luam īn considerare ca un pui de carne la o greutate de 1,9-2,2 kg se poate vinde īn viu la un pret aproximativ de 12 lei/pui, rezulta un venit net de 4,94 lei/pui deci o valoare totala de 1447,42 lei/efectiv la un ciclu de productie de 9 saptamāni. Cresterea puilor de carne īn efective mici aduce venituri suplimentare gospodarilor si, un lucru deosebit de important, sunt valorificate superior resursele furajere obtinute de catre acestia.

Cuvinte cheie: pui de carne, productiv, gospodarie taraneasca, investitie, furaj, hibrid, costuri