G. Mursa


RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA. OPPORTUNITIES AND DIFFICULTIES

G. Mursa, Roxana Paraschiv

Abstract
The basic objective of this work is to present and analyze the major difficulties faced by the economic development of rural areas . Secondly, the paper examines the opportunities that can be exploited to reduce disparities between rural and urban spheres. One of the main features of the Romanian society is a big gap between the level of economic development in urban and in rural areas. Unfortunately, this gap is a feature of a less competitive economic systems and is a great hindrance to the development of overall national economy. This is why one of the fundamental priorities of government policy should be rural development. To support our argument we will analyze and interpret available statistical data from the point of view of the methods provided by the contemporary theory of development. All considerations presented in the paper converge to the conclusion that economic disparities between the two spheres of the economic system can be reduced to a acceptable level by government policies to stimulate private investment, by improving public infrastructure and through a better allocation of resources for education and health. In these circumstances, the Romanian agricultural sector could exploit its huge potential.

Key words: rural development, economic disparities, government policy, private investment, infrastructure

DEZVOLTAREA RURALA ĪN ROMĀNIA. OPORTUNITATI SI DIFICULTATI

G. Mursa, Roxana Paraschiv

Rezumat
Obiectivul fundamental al prezentei lucrari este acela de a prezenta si analiza dificultatile majore īntāmpinate de dezvoltarea economica a mediului rural autohton dar si oportunitatile ce pot fi exploatate pentru a reduce discrepantele majore īntre zona rurala si cea urbana. Una din principalele trasaturi ale societatii romānesti o reprezinta decalajul mare īntre nivelul dezvoltarii economice din mediul urban si cel din mediu rural. Din pacate, acest decalaj constituie o trasatura a sistemelor economice mai putin competitive si reprezinta o piedica mare īn calea dezvoltarii de ansamblu a economiei nationale. Acesta este motivul pentru care una dintre prioritatile fundamentale ale politicilor guvernamentale ar trebuie sa fie dezvoltarea rurala. Īn sprijinul argumentatiei noastre vom aduce ca argumente interpretari ale datelor statistice disponibile din perspectiva metodelor furnizate de teoria contemporana a dezvoltarii. Toate considerentele expuse īn lucrare converg spre concluzia ca discrepantele economice dintre cele doua sfere ale sistemului economic pot fi reduse la un minimum acceptabil prin politici guvernamentale care sa amelioreze mediul investitional, prin lucrari publice de īmbunatatire a infrastructurii, prin alocare eficienta a resurselor pentru educatie si sanatate.

Cuvinte cheie: dezvoltare rurala, discrepante economice, politica guvernamentala, investitii private, infrastructura