Benedicta Drobota


INFORMATICS MODEL REGARDING THE ANALYSIS OF SOME TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

Benedicta Drobota, Elena Gîndu, A. Chiran, A.-F. Jitareanu

Abstract
In Romania, animal husbandry is a basic sub branch of agriculture, which in the last two decades had an oscillate evolution, determined by the negative influence of some factors that were after the year 1990.
Negative phenomena have led to radical changes in the evolution of herds and animals productions; the most species have seen a reduction in number and lower obtained yields.
To revive and improve the technical-economic performance of livestock farms, the authors have proposed to develop a computer model aimed at creating a database, which is the reference point for analysis the key indicators.
Designing the information model regarding the technical and economic analysis in livestock farming was based on analysis of the following data: land cultivated with fodder, livestock, on species and categories, fixed assets of the units (buildings and agrozootechnical construction, machinery and agricultural equipment, installations, means of transport, etc.), total production and production for sale, costs of production, selling prices, subsidies, credits, total revenues, financial costs etc.
Based on this information it will determine the main synthetic and analytical indicators on unit performance, indicators which must fall within certain limits of efficiency.
The advantage of computer designed model can result in data storage and renewing of data with overall economic growth.

Key words: informatics model, indicators, animal husbandry, efficiency

MODEL INFORMATIC PRIVIND ANALIZA UNOR INDICATORI TEHNICO-ECONOMICI ÎN CRESTEREA ANIMALELOR

Benedicta Drobota, Elena Gîndu, A. Chiran, A.-F. Jitareanu

Rezumat
În România, cresterea animalelor reprezinta o subramura de baza a agriculturii, care în ultimile doua decenii a avut o evolutie oscilanta, determinata de influenta negativa a unor factori care s-au manifestat dupa anul 1990.
Fenomenele negative au condus la schimbari radicale în evolutia efectivelor si a productiiulor animale, care la majoritatea speciilor s-au concretizat în reducerea efectivelor si diminuarea productiilor obtinute.
Pentru revigorarea si îmbunatatirea performantelor tehnico-economice ale fermelor zootehnice, autorii si-au propus elaborarea unui model informatic vizând crearea unei baze de date, care sa constituie punctul de referinta pentru analiza principalilor indicatori.
Proiectarea modelului informatic privind analiza tehnico-economica în cresterea animalelor s-a bazat pe analiza urmatoarelor date: suprafetele cultivate cu plante furajere, efectivele de animale, pe specii si categorii, activele fixe ale unitatilor (cladiri si constructii agrozootehnice, masini si utilaje agricole, instalatii, mijloace de transport etc.), productia totala si marfa, costurile de productie, preturile de vânzare, subventiile, creditele, veniturile totale, cheltuielile financiare etc.
Pe baza acestor informatii se vor determina principalii indicatori sintetici si analitici privind performanta unitatii, indicatori ce trebuie sa se încadreze în anumite limite de eficienta.
Avantajul modelului informatic proiectat rezulta din posibilitatea stocarii si reactualizarii datelor, în concordanta cu cresterea economica generala.

Cuvinte cheie: model informatic, indicatori, cresterea animalelor, performanta, eficienta