CURRENT TECHNICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS IN IMPROVEMENT OF THE BREEDS OF SHEEP IN ROMANIA
L. Iacob, Mândruţa Mitru, C. Vizitiu
Performance control of production on sheep is aiming to ease the identification the most productive animals, which are going to participate to create the frontline nucleus of each race under the improvement process. Through the activity of performance control of production and reproduction is aiming the modifying the genetic structure of active population, with direct impact on raising the way of expressing the characters that are under the improving process.
Based on current data is found that the structure of herd assigned in Official Control of Production is dominated by the local races respectively: Turcana,Tigaie, Karakul de Botosani, Black head sheep of Teleorman and Merinos de Palas. The race with the highest share in national livestock that is under the performance test is Turcana which is having 70.09% share.The races breed for wool and meat, respectively Merinos de Palas and Merinos from Transylvania are having a share of 1.65% and 0.25%.
Introduction of performance control of production on sheep and applying some sustainable improvements programs will ease the growth of individual production, with the economic consequences in national and international area.
Key words: official control, sheep races, performances, improvement