INFLUENCE OF REFRIGERATION, FREEZING AND DE-FREEZING METHOD ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, CALORICITY AND CERTAIN RHEOLOGICAL-TEXTURAL TRAITS OF POULTRY MEAT
The paper brings new data on the chemical composition and energetic value of the poultry meat, under the action of freezing as well as on the way in which meat texture, analysed instrumentally, is influenced by the chosen de-freezing method. Eighty carcasses of chicken broiler of the same origin were analysed and symmetrically randomly distributed in 4 groups: REF-refrigerated meat + 3 groups of frozen meat, thawed through different methods: FDCW-cold water; FDWW-warm water; FDMW-microwaves. The chemical composition revealed increased content of water (+1.02% in breast, +0.79% in thighs) and decreased proteins levels (-2.78% in breast, -2.75% in thighs) in FDCW vs. REF, due to hydro soluble organic matters leakage during de-freezing, as well as to water uptake from the de-freezing environment. Better chemical stability was observed in thighs (p<0.05), and poorer in breast (p<0.001). Refrigerated meat was also richer in calories (+1.06%...+3.04%). Texturally, it was noticed a decrease of frozen meat firmness, compared to the refrigerated one, of: 5.37-6.25% (FDCW), 11.36-13.33% (FDWW), 8.88-9.68% (FDMW) and a similar dynamic of the Warner-Bratzler shear forces: 81.5 N (REF) to 73.5 N (FDWW) (p<0.001, breast) and 80.5 N (REF) to 72.70 N (FDWW) (p<0.001, thighs). The meat preserved through freezing and de-frozen in warm water or under microwaves flow presented the highest textural alterations leading, eventually, to a lower sensorial quality.
Key words: poultry meat, refrigeration, freezing, proteins, texture