OPTIMIZATION OF THE TECHNOLOGIES OF EXPLOITING SHEEP AND GOATS WITH THE PURPOSE OF MAKING THE EXPLOITATIONS MORE VALUABLE
Alina Nicolescu, N. Cutova, Camelia Zoia Zamfir, Maria Stanciu, Ana Enciu, Carmen Ana Pivodă
The work aims to respond to the needs of the farmers to optimize their technologies to exploit sheep/goats, in order to increase the productive parameters of the farms, raising the economic efficiency and obtaining competitive products as those made by the farmers from the European Union's countries. It was elaborated a capacity of 150 heads sheep/goats - queen with a free system of maintenance, shelter to which installation for mechanizing the works in sheep/goats breeding and exploitation were installed, in order to raise work productivity, to decrease the costs of production, assuring certain optimal conditions of microclimate, environment protection and assuring the food safety and security of citizens. Before giving the fodders, they had been processed by chopping, grinding, mixing and preparing, operations which determine the raise of alimentary value and palatability of fibrous and gross fodders (fodders from the secondary production, obtained from the cereal crops), the made productive increasing rate was 20-25%, so the expenses beeing justified.
Key words: technologies, mechanization, fibrous fodders, grinding