C. Pascal

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EVALUATION OF THE REPRODUCTION FUNCTION OF GOATS IN ROMANIA

C. Pascal, N. Zaharia

Abstract
   Research has had as main purpose the evaluation of the reproduction activity of herds of goats located in various farms in the North-Eastern part of Romania and the identification of main factors of influence in order to implement an appropriate management. In order to obtain real results were included in the experimental protocol farms of goats located in all counties from the North-East Development Region.
   The analysis of index of fecundity, by the fact that the mean value determined for the entire population was 97.4 %, it can be said that the expression of the fecundity represents an attribute of the breed, being dependent mainly on the maintenance condition of females at the onset of the breeding season, and indirectly the reproductive technology applied in the farm.
   Instead the absence of measures of type flushing, based on food supplementation, with a view to restoring the condition of maintenance of females at the onset of a new reproductive cycle, caused the fertility index for the entire population to not exceed 120%, thus decreasing the profitability on each of the females forming the live stock.
   On the basis of all data obtained it can be said that at the goat populations in North-Eastern Romania the breeding function is characterized by obtaining relatively good average values for each of the indicators analyzed, and for their evident improvement it is recommended an immediate application of selection measures and the intensification of breeding. These measures can be easily applied by reforming the goats which no longer correspond in terms of productive and reproductive, through a selection of billy-goat mothers, testing the breeders, acquisition of high genetic male goats and application of directed breeding.

Key words: goats, Carpatina goat, reproductive indices