THE HOLONIC ARCHITECTURE OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS WITH APPLICATION TO FOOD INDUSTRY
This paper aims at making a succinct analysis of general system theory (GST) and the implications of the concept of system upon Business Company connected to the environment in which it functions. We shall approach a business company/organization/ firm as an open complex system and we shall bring into discussion its compounds as sub-systems. Having in view the characteristics of a holonic system, the structure of such a system is graphically presented. Then, a study on the firm as a holonic structure, composed of hierarchically and/or network arranged n holons is made and some characteristics/analogies of current functioning of firms as against the functioning of other holarchies from nature or society are identified. A case study on Racova Vaslui holding firms is dealt with at the end of this paper and these firms form a holonic system encompassing a series of companies working in the field of food industry.
Key words: system, holonic system, holarchy, holonic firm