Anca Roman-Popovici

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STUDY REGARDING THE PERCENTAGE OF ENGLISH THOROUGHBRED BLOOD IN THE LAST FIVE GENERATIONS FOR THE BEST JUMPING HORSES IN THE WORLD

Anca Roman-Popovici, D. Sumovschi, I. Gîlcă

Abstract
    In many breeding areas the special role for Thoroughbred stallions was to lighten and to make more athletic traditional horses used in agriculture. For this research we examine the first 103 jumping horses from FEI&WBFSH World Ranking List for Jumping Horses April 2014, divided in 6 groups for breed variable, and 3 groups for sex and age variables.
    The results show that the percent of English thoroughbred blood in the last five generations for this horses varies from 8.59 to 58.59 with an mean of 34.75.
    For breed variable the results show that the percent of English thoroughbred blood in the last five generations was evaluated as being significantly higher (p<0.05) in case of horses that belong to warmblood breeds from France than in case of horses that belong to warmblood breeds from Germany, horses that belong to warmblood breeds from Belgium and horses that belong to warmblood breeds from Great Britain. For sex variable the results show that the percent of English thoroughbred blood in the last five generations was evaluated as being significantly higher (p<0.05) in case of stallions than in case of geldings.
    In conclusion we can say that the modern sport horse breed requires Thoroughbred blood also in the future, but they will not enjoy a privileged status.

Key words: thoroughbred blood, jumping, ranking, sport horses, warmblood