Heidy J. Manangkot

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BLACK SOLDIER FLY LARVAE MANURE DEGRADATION AS FISH MEAL REPLACER IN NATIVE CHICKEN RATION

Heidy J. Manangkot, S.J. Rondonuwu, Odi R. Pinontoan, Marie Najoan, Laurentius J.M. Rumokoy

Abstract
    This study aims to reveal the effect of manure meal which were relegated from black soldier (Hermetia illucens) insect larvae (MD) as fish meal replacer and mixed in the ration on the performance of local chicken grower phases. This research used 60 native chickens two weeks old. Study using 20 units of battery cage system with a size of 50 x 50 x 70 cm. Each unit enclosure three chickens, free-range occupy, that equipped with eating and drinking bowl. The chickens got ration treatment with difference level MD meal from larvae Hermetia illucens (Black soldier fly) as fish meal replacer; as follows: RA = rations with 15% fish meal + 0% MD meal; RB = rations with 10% fish meal + 5% MD meal; RC = Rations with 5% fish meal + 10% MD meal; RD = rations with 0% fish meal + 15% MD meal. Results indicated that up to the level of 15% fish meal in the ration of native chicken grower phases, can be replaced with MD (mixed of one week manure and eight days instar larvae), although there is a tendency of decreasing feed intake of chickens treated.

Key words: fish meal replacer, manure degradation (MD), native chickens