Wisje Lusia Toar

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THE LANDING PERIODICITY OF Stomoxys calcitrans IN RATIONS, SUPPLEMENTED WITH CITRONELLA AND PAPAIN ON BROILER HEALTH

Wisje Lusia Toar, Jootje Warouw, Max Tulung, Marie Najoan, Laurentius Rumokoy

Abstract
The quality of broiler rations really affect the nutrient intake to be digested and metabolized in the animal body, but the presence of Stomoxys calcitrans potentially could disturb the health of many livestock. Interest of flies on the rations material is to be used as a food source and location for oviposition. The use of bio-repellent citronella and papain in this research aims to reduce the number of flies that do Landing Periodicity on a scale of morning-noon period-afternoon to avoid the risk of microbe pathogenic transmission by this flies.The results showed a trend in the level of citronella and papain c2p2 taken a role in suppressing the landing of the flies. Moreover during the study, we did not find any disease in chicken therefore the mortality rate was 0%.

Key words: broiler, Stomoxys calcitrans, citronella, papain, landing periodicity, mortality