T. Bugeac

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RESEARCH REGARDING THE PERFORMANCES OF AN IMPORTED NUCLEUS OF MONTBÉLIARD CATTLE EXPLOITED IN THE EAST OF ROMANIA

T. Bugeac, Şt. Creangă, V. Maciuc, L.-D. Dascălu

Abstract
The current paper aimed to study the performances of a nucleus of Montbeliard breed, imported from France in 2008, in the exploitation conditions from the East of Romania. In order to complete this study, we gathered milk samples, at each three months, from the whole herd. The obtained data regarding milk quality, duration of lactations and milk quantity were statistically processed. Study was carried out in 2011 on a number of 89 individuals from which were gathered a total of 333 milk samples. Samples were analysed to establish physical-chemical composition using a CombiFoss 6000 analyser. For the characters connected with milk quality, our research enlightened values between 2.12 ÷ 6.69% for fat, 2.30 ÷ 4.45% for protein and 1.71 ÷ 3.40% for casein. As for the milk quantitative production the studied nucleus recorded mean values of 6036.12 kg milk per total lactation and recorded a mean duration of lactation of 309.6 days. The results we have obtained are fitting between the limits described before for this breed.

Key words: Montbeliard breed, milk quantity, milk quality, Romania