Roxana Zaharia

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE GROWTH SYSTEM ON DRESSING PERCENTAGE AND THE MEAT QUALITY OBTAINED FROM TURCANA LAMBS BRED IN MONTAIN AREA IN NORTH-EAST OF ROMANIA

Roxana Zaharia, C. Pascal, N. Zaharia, Aida Albu, R.M. Radu-Rusu

Abstract
The purpose of this paper was to demonstrate the influence of growth system on the main traits related with meat production from local sheep raised in mountain area in north-east of Romania. Growing systems covered by the study are: the traditional and semi-intensive. To conduct research was purchase a total of 20 lambs weaned from Turcana race, which were divided into two groups (10 lambs in each group). A lot was raised in a traditional mountain system in the shepherd of Bucovina, and the other group was subjected to semi-intensive fattening. The proportion of various parts of the carcass have been favorable to animals reared in semi-intensive system due to operation of disinfestations carried out on time and correctly, as well as a balanced diet which caused the gigot weight and in total shoulder carcass to be about 70%, and only 60% at individuals grown traditionally. Between individuals grown in different farming systems (semi-intensive and traditionally) were found significant differences (p<0.001) in most parameters that refer to quantitative and qualitative meat. From the point of view of the brute chemical composition, the meat from individuals grown in semi-intensive system had values significantly (p<0.05, p<0.01) higher in comparison with those obtained with lambs reared in the Traditional system.

Key words: lamb, dressing percentage, meat quality