D.L. DascĂlu

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STUDY OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF GRAY STEPPE CATTLE IN ROMANIA

D.L. Dascălu, Ş. Creangă, T. Bugeac, E. Ruginosu, I. Borş

Abstract
Researches were carried out on a number of 122 Grey Steppe breed females grouped into 8 groups: 3 groups in cattle unit increase: SCDCB Dancu Iasi (38 heads), USAMV Cluj (4 heads), Roua-Group Ialomita (3 heads), and 5 lots in Neamt population households (Tazlau - 6 heads, Tupilati-7 heads) and Tulcea (39 heads in Chilia Veche, Letea -18 heads and Pardina -7 heads), aiming the main parameters morphological body development. The results were statistically analyzed using SPSS 19 program and statistical significance was done using ANOVA test. Following the study it was found a decrease in height at withers parameter value to values that decrease well below minimum recorded according to specialized data, horizontal length of the trunk retains the same value date and the chest perimeter parameter value is higher today. Regarding weight, it currently remains elevated (393.42 to 500.3 kg) compared to the values quotes in the literature (372 kg in 1961 and 415 kg in 1982).

Key words: Gray Steppe, morphological parameters, body weight