STUDY REGARDING SOME MORPHOLOGIC CHARACTERS AT MARES BELONGING TO ROMANIAN SPORT HORSE BREED
P.T. Nagy, I. Gîlcă, M.G. Doliş, C.E. Nistor
Forming of Romanian Sport Horse started from 1962, first at Sâmbăta de Jos Stud, and from 1970 at Jegălia Stud. From the beginning up to present to increase the energetic capacity, respectively of the performances regarding sport competitions, breed is subjected to a complex and continuous improving process through specific breeding works. The current study was conducted on a number of 47 mares belonged to Romanian Sport Horse breed, with the age between 4.5 and 18 years, state (Jegălia Stud) and private owned. All the studied mares were subjected to qualification and classification actions, for including into "National Stud", respectively mares mother - category. Characters which were studied are: waist, thoracic perimeter and shinbone perimeter, corporal dimensions which are taken into account in classification works. For a good appreciation of those morphological characters were calculated the afferent corporal indexes, respectively: dactyl-thoracic index, bone index and massive index. Statistical processing of the data obtained after the done measurements show that for the studied characters of the studied mares result the following mean values: 163.55 ± 1.81 cm (V% = 2.7) for waist, 186.11 ± 1.93 cm (V% = 4.05) for thoracic perimeter and 20.45 ± 0.64 cm (V% = 1.50) for shinbone perimeter. Regarding the studied corporal indexes was obtained the following average values: 113.79 ± 1.51% (V% = 0.85) for massive index, 10.99 ± 0.47% (V% = 0.42) for dactyl-thoracic index and 12.50 ± 0.50% (V% = 0.41) for bone index. For all the studied characters the results enlightened that the studied mares are presenting as a homogenous batch, aspect very important for selection and breeding works, respectively for consolidation of breed characters.
Key words: horse, sport, mares, dimensions, Jegălia