Al. Parasca

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QUALITY OF MILK FROM COWS OF THE MOLDAVIAN TYPE OF BLACK & WHITE AND RED ESTONIAN BREEDS

Al. Parasca, S. Chilimar

Abstract
The study's objectives consists of appreciating the influence of Black & White and Red Estonian breeds on the quality of cows' milk. Researches had been efectuated at the cattle' farm from the Technological Experimental Station "Maximovca" of the Scientifically Practical Institute of Biotechnology in Zootechnics and Veterinary Medicine. Milk samples had been collected in the day of milking control. The milk analysis took place in the laboratory of animal products' quality of the special department of the Agrarian State University of Moldova, by using the ultrasonic analyzer "Lactoscan", bought from Bulgary. The content's parameters of fat, protein, non-fat solids, lactose, density, freezing point, amount of water added, pH, temperature and the conductivity in the fresh cow milk had been appreciated. From the race Black & White it had been got milk content 4.1% of fat, 8.9% of non-fat solids, 4.7% of lactose, but from the Red Estonian race milk with the following indices: 4.8%, 9.2%, 4.9%. It had been proved the possibility of obtaining milk with a superior quality from the both races, but from the Red Estonian race the milk has more content of fat, non-fat solids and lactose.

Key words: Cattle, milk, analysis, quality