STUDY CONCERNING THE ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY IN PIG FATTENING
The paper presents the analysis of economic efficiency in intensive fattening of pigs. The data were collected from two farms: F1- SC Gromfid SRL, Prahova County and F2 - SC Goliath SRL, Brăila County. The reference period of the technological parameters and economical and financial performances has been 2008-2010. Based on the data of the year 2010, the gross margin method was used for calculating the specific indicators of economic efficiency. Farm F1 achieved 2.8 series of fatty pigs weighing 100 kg at slaughter with 636 g daily gain/head. Per housing place, total production expenses counted for Lei 1,551.70 of which 94.13 % variable costs. Gross margin was Lei 611.30 and net profit Lei 437 per housing place under 28.16 % profit rate. Farm F2 carried out 2.6 series fatty pigs delivered at 110 kg, fewer than 850 g daily gain/head. The production cost was Lei 1,522.98/housing place, of which 84.18% variable costs. Gross margin registered Lei 727.67 and net profit counted for Lei 408.93/housing place under a 26.85 % profit rate. Production cost counted for Lei 5.54 for F1 and Lei 5.32 for F2 per kilogram live weight. As a conclusion, the intensive pig fattening assures farm profitability based on a rational management of technological aspects and related production costs. Farm efficiency is deeply influenced by piglets' price, feedstuff quality and price, daily gain, weight and price of fatty pigs at delivery.
Key words: economic efficiency, intensive fattening, pigs