V. Maciuc

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RESEARCHES REGARDING MILK PROCESSING IN QUALITY CONDITION IN A DAIRY FARM IN ROUMANIA EAST AREA

V. Maciuc

Abstract
The European Commission approved the Romanian request for extension of the transitional period to achieve the EU requirements on quality of cow raw milk until 31 December 2013. Hence, the need to see how milk is processed in dairy farms and areas of Romania. The study was conducted on 250 cattle heads, which was followed animal origin, quantitative and qualitative indicators of milk production. Average performance of production was 8439.87 kg milk, with a range of 6650-10556 kg milk, 3.84% fat and 3.31% protein respectively. Temperature of the milk at delivery was 3.950C with a range between 3-40C and the density of 1.0287g/cm3. In terms of physical-chemical characteristics of milk produced on the dairy farm studied, the values are within normal limits. Evolution of somatic cell count is different depending on the season, higher values in spring-summer 247170-337500/ml and less than autumn-winter 223400-195570?ml but not exceeding a maximum accepted at 400000?ml. Corresponding values of the total number of germs in milk (TNG) were 183400-137607/ml autumn-winter and spring-summer 178730-247300/ml. Because the farm is in the process of modernization, with large investments in the technological process, we believe that it will fulfil all EU standards for milk quality.

Key words: farm, cattle, production, milk, quality indicators