N. Cutova

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THE INFLUENCE OF THE CARABAŞĂ BREED UPON THE MILK AND MEAT PRODUCTIONS OF THE MERINOS SHEEP FROM DOBROGEA

N. Cutova, R. Răducu, A. Ida, Alina Nicolescu, Ana Enciu

Abstract
Taking into account the concerns of the sheep breeders from Dobrogea and the trends of promoting the breeding and exploiting the Carabaşă sheep for the milk and meat production, the work aimed, through these researches developed at ICDCOC Palas-Constanţa and private breeders to establish the influence of Carabaşă breed upon Merinos sheep. The working methods had as main activities, the following:
- monthly control of the milk production and establishing the total production by summing the milk production during milking period at the production of milked milk;
- determining the potential for meat production proportionally to the body development and capacity of fattening.
Achieving at Carabaşă sheep a total milk production of 169.0 l/head, out of which 86.7 l/head were merchandise milk justify the presence and spreading of Carabaşă breed in Dobrogea. Also, the made appreciations concerning the capacity of fattening at Carabaşă breed and at the half-breeds of Carabaşă x Merinos, recommend their efficient exploitation for the meat production. As a general conclusion, the capacity of milking, the results regarding the breeding of young sheep and the obtained milk production recommend the keeping of the effective of Carabaşă sheep in Dobrogea area and their use at the improvement of the Merinos local sheep effectives by crossbreeding.

Key words: Carabaşă, half-breeds