Şt. Lazăr


INDIRECT METHOD OF PRODUCTIVITY APPRECIATION OF THE BEE FAMILIES BASED ON QUANTIFICATION OF THEIR ACCUMULATION SYSTEM

Şt. Lazăr, V. Maciuc, O.C. Vornicu, C. Bodescu

Abstract
Appreciation of bee familiesí productivity based on honey yield is the most important criteria of selection. In the conditions in which determination of honey yield represent a laborious operation which involve various experiments, finding a simple method is very useful, knowing from practice that a family is more productive as much as the accumulation instinct is more intense.
In our research were involved 45 bee families from three beehives and from different areas situated at 30 km each to other, all of them placed in the pedo-climatic conditions of Moldavian Plateau. In each apiary were studied 15 equal families.
For each family was made a special frame cage, divided in two separated compartments but communicating at the bottom. Each compartment was separated through a wire mesh so that the 100 bees introduced in cage to have free access at honey syrup from the feeder placed at the upper part and also on the both sides of the comb with empty cells. Were realized three successive administrations of 100 ml honey syrup at intervals of 24 hours. With the help of adequate equipments we measure the syrup takeover time.
At the ending of acacia honey harvesting we determine through usual methods the yield of honey obtained from each studied family.
After data processing, by using correlation analyze and regression analyze, results the existence of some strong correlations between analyzed parameters, and we recommend this indirect method to appreciate the honey yield of a bee family.

Key words: bees, honey, cell, accumulation instinct