MEAT PRODUCTION OF THE SIMMENTAL AND BLACK-AND-WHITE BREEDS IN THE REPUBLIC MOLDOVA
Reforms that took place in Moldovan agriculture after 1990 in the privatization and division of small plots of arable land caused the abolition of collective farms, zootechnical complexes in cattle breeding and raising for reproduction. There was created a disastrous situation in cattle industry. The proportion of reproductive cattle reached a dangerous level (approximately 1% of all livestock in the republic) which cannot fully restore the number of livestock breeds and genetic renovation of cattle in R. Moldova. There are imported young bulls for breeding and to create new farms which causes capital outflow to foreign countries. Improving cattle breeding activities are practically zero, there is not record of origin and youth development for breeding, production and quality of milk of cows, primary material. The selection is conducted randomly but not on the basis of productive potential because of that. Under these conditions degradation of populations of cattle breeds is happening in the country, which will be necessary to restore for enormous investments. Research has shown that local populations of Simmental and Black-and-White steers have good qualities for intensive breeading and effective meat production.
Key words: meat yield, Simmental breed, Black mottled breed, Republica Moldova