GENERAL CHARACTERIZATION OF GRASSLAND PLANTS IN THE UPPER BASIN OF THE SUCEAVA RIVER: BIOLOGICAL, ECOLOGICAL AND PRATOLOGICAL ASPECTS
S. Chidoveţ, V. Vîntu, C. Sârbu
The aim of this study is to perform an analysis on the flora of natural pastures in the upper basin of the River Suceava, elements that would form the basis for determining the pastoral value of grasslands and identify necessary measures for their sustainable management.
The study of natural grassland flora was made by several field trips between 2008-2009, most of the grassland surfaces in the region being crossed, noting and collecting for herborizing all plant species encountered in the field. Floristic data collected from the field were processed in the laboratory to highlight the main aspects of biology, ecology and forage value of the analyzed grasslands flora.
We found on studied area, a remarkable floristic richness, representing approx. 10.5% of the entire vascular flora of Moldova.
Among the species with very high and high forage value in these grasslands, the following ones should be noted : Dactylis glomerata, Festuca pratensis, Lolium perenne, Phleum pratense, Alopecurus pratensis, Arrhenatherum elatius, Lotus corniculatus, Medicago falcata, Trifolium hybridum, T. pratense, T. repens etc .
Key words: grassland flora, Suceava River, forage value