STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF FISHERY ACTIVITIES ON THE MARINE NATURA 2000 SITES
Carmen Georgeta Nicolae, Tania Zaharia, V. Maximov, D. Micu, V. Niţă, Şt. Diaconescu, Dana Popa, R.A. Popa
The current Common Fisheries Policy allows better integration of the requirements of environmental protection into fisheries management. This directly contributes to the achievement “Birds” Directive and „Habitats”, too. Moreover, it provides a system of marine habitats and species protection from the harmful effects of fishing, even in cases where the provisions of Natura 2000 does not apply. In the fish, along the Romanian coast, there are several companies who use motor boats and other fishing equipment. Also, beyond 20 m isobaths activates fishing vessels B-410, Baltica and T.C.M.N. Of the 28 fishing points, 18 would write their activities inside SCIs and all are located inside the only marine SPA, SPA0076. Of the total registered boats, about 64% operating within marine Natura 2000 sites. Data from control and monitoring programs should allow recognition of the conservation status of species and habitats present in sites. Conservation measures to be instituted in marine sites will be aimed at maintaining or restoring species and habitat, which has been designated at a favorable conservation status.
Key words: conservation, fishing, marine sites, Natura 2000