THE ROLE OF FEEDLOT BUSINESS IN BEEF SUPPLY CHAINS IN WEST JAVA INDONESIA
Rochadi Tawaf, Rachmat Setiadi, Cecep Firmansyah
The gap of beef supply-demand in West Java, is shown by the contribution of local beef cattle at 17.50% of the total beef cattle slaughtered reached 285,545 heads in 2009. The rest was filled by local cattle from outside West Java, the import of live cattle from Australia and imported beef boxes as much as 35,780 tones (Government of Livestock Services of West Java, 2010). The purposes of this study were: (1) Provide an overview of the role of feedlot business in beef supply chain in West Java (2) To analyze the contribution of local beef cattle, imported live cattle, and beef boxes to meet the beef demand in West Java. The research method is a survey on the beef cattle Feedlot business in West Java. Respondents were the business of feedlot cattle; the terminal cattle check point and stakeholders. Respondents were determined by purposive sampling. The data was crosscheck by focus group discussion, and were analyzed with trend linear, import capacity and supply chain management analysis. The results of this study were: the feedlot company in West Java has a role and contribute to supplying demand for beef that is not able to be met by local cattle production. The Feedlot has a function of business investment in feedlot cattle business, employment, and empowerment of small holder farmers through a business partnership. To meet the consumption of beef in West Java province, its contribution comes from beef boxes imports amounted to 28.28% and beef production of fattening cattle imported 20.22%, local beef from West Java 7.98% and 15.16% comes from outside West Java and beef production is not recorded reached 28.36%.
Key words: Feedlot, Contributions and beef supply chain