ASSESSMENT OF REPRODUCTIVE AND MORPHOLOGICAL PARAMETERS ON LOCAL POPULATIONS OF GOATS IN NORTH-EAST OF ROMANIA
N. Zaharia, C. Pascal, Roxana Zaharia, C.A. Sava, T. Atanasiu
The purpose of this paper is to present a summary with reference to the reproductive and morfologigical parameters specific to local populations of goats raised in north-east of Romania. The research was conducted on a number of 955 individuals, divided into six populations. Working methods used are specific to this type of research and refers to the macro and microscopic measurements, free assessments and statistical analysis. As a result of body measurements, it appears that goat populations studied have a mid-body development, with height of 72.5 cm for males and 64 cm in females. Regarding the exterior features, uniform white color has been shown to over 32% of individuals, horn at 50.44% and beard to over 90% of goats studied. Regardless of color or body region where it was harvested, the hair has an average length of 12 cm, is devoid of undulations and is characterized by an average of over 104 µ thick. In terms of reproductive parameters, goat populations in north-eastern Romania is characterized by a 97.4% fertility and prolificacy of 129.6%. Evaluating these parameters, it is clear that local populations of goats raised in the north-east of Romania are relatively homogeneous if we consider the degree of physical development, or the presence of beard, but highly heterogeneous in terms of coat color.
Key words: goats, morphology, reproduction