PROJECTION OF CONSTRUCTIVE, FUNCTIONAL AND MECHANIZATIONS SOLUTIONS FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE FARMS OF SHEEP AND GOAT
A. Nicolescu, C.Z. Zamfir, A. Enciu, A. Ida
The expanding of sheep and goad breeding in our country in small and medium exploitations requires the necessity to assure optimum conditions of sheltering, which are adequate to this system. In this respect it is necessary to assure shelters, adequate to the size of the existent exploitations which to assure an appropriate thermal comfort, because in the climatic conditions from our country, due to the geographic position at the South-East of the European continent there are periods during a year when the air can have negative temperatures which can reach -10 C to – 20 C. The social-economic changes which take place in our country and also the changes in the technologies of sheep and goats’ breeding require the elaboration of certain new constructive and functional solutions, which are adequate to small and medium exploitations. When the internal environment with specific parameters from shelters (microclimate or bioclimatic) correspond to the physiological needs of sheep and goats, they can express their entire productive capacity, in the same time maintaining their health estate.
Key words: sheep, goat, exploitations, microclimate parameters