STUDY OF CONDITIONS AND NATURAL RESOURCES OF THE CENTRAL MOLDAVIAN PLATEAU FOR INCREASING THE POTENTIAL OF AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATIONS VIABILITY
Carmen Olguţa Brezuleanu, S. Brezuleanu, I.V. Ciurea
The Central Moldavian Plateau has 68 communes and 3 urban centres (Vaslui, Huşi and Negresti) belonging to Vaslui, Iasi, Bacau and Neamt counties this way: 26 communes in Iasi county, 28 in Vaslui county and 7 communes Neamy and Bacau counties each. The settlement network is strongly conditioned by the characteristics of the relief, and their physiognomy, the type of localities and households reflect the long process of disforest for the necessary lands of agricultural economy. The large majority of localities have mostly agricultural economic functions and only some of them are agro-industrial (Raducaneni, Ciocanesti). In more important localities, townies or polarization centres, other functions are present: commercial, crafty, local industrial. Those who predominate are the cereal-based establishments, but in a part of the localities belonging to the Central Moldavian Plateau, we can add the industrial cultures and animal husbandry. The enumerated factors do not influence just independently the agricultural activity, but also through their combination, reason for which there is the need of knowing the environment of agricultural farms of the Central Moldavian for counter-balancing the negative effects and fructifying the competitive opportunities and advantages. The adaptation of measures of economic policy, the optimization of agricultural activities as well as the elaboration and implementation of the different technological solutions together with the increase of the dimension are the means that determine the efficiency of agricultural exploitations in the zone.
Key words: Central Moldavian Plateau, diagnosis, agricultural exploitations, strenghts, weaknesses