CHARACTERIZATION OF THE αS1-CASEIN IRV ALLELE PROVIDES EVIDENCE FOR PHYLOGENY OF THE ANCIENT ROMANIAN GREY STEPPE CATTLE, MOLDAVIAN STRAIN
V.A. Balteanu, F.D. Pop, A. Vlaic, T.C. Carsai, Şt. Creangă, A.R. Rusu
The objective of this work was the complete characterization of the αS1 casein (αS1-CN) IRVallele, previously identified in the Moldavian strain of Romanian Grey Steppe cattle. After αS1-CN cDNA sequencing several substitutions were observed in IRV allele (GenBank EU908730), as compared with common B and C alleles. These results suggest that the IRV allele arose phylogenetically from the C variant. Based on A-T substitution (exon 11), a PCR-RFLP test was developed for identification of IRV allele. Tissue samples of 63 living individuals of this breed an representing different ages and preserved semen samples of 6 deceased bulls were genotyped, resulting in a 0.123 frequency of IRV allele. The discovery of an ancestral casein allele in such a small endangered population is critical in the context of genetic resources preservation, highlighting the unique phylogeny of Romanian Grey Steppe cattle.
Key words: Grey Steppe cattle, αS1 casein IRV, milk, polymorphism, cattle phylogeny