THE STUDY OF THE EVOLUTION REGARDING THE ROMANIAN SPORTS HORSE AND THE MANAGEMENT OF EQUINE SPORTS FROM ROMANIA IN THE EUROPEAN AREA
The study of the Romanian Sports Horse is part of an ample scientific specialty paper, which approaches the issue of exploiting the horses for the equestrian sports and equine courses, the dynamics and distribution of clubs, stud farms and institutes specialized on this type of sports in the national territory, and also the place occupied by Romania in this international movement with a volume and a number of horses for all the branches of equestrian sports, movement named by several researchers and specialists– the equestrian industry.
From the total of 312 horses for obstacles, mastership and complete riding contest, existent in 2004 in the possession of the 28 clubs and equine associations registered at the Equine Federation of Romania, 211 horses were taken in the study, representing 67.6% of the national figure.
The biological material was identified through direct inspection and inquiry within the owners, data completed with primary records from the selection centers and A.N.A.R.Z, and from the Romanian Equestrian Federation.
We estimated the average values and the variability of morphological characters at the studied population, the body indexes and the genetic parameters (heritability, phenotypic and genetic correlations, the improvement value of the nursery stallions), the data being synthesized in tables, completed with graphic representation and photographs, in the majority of cases original.
Key words: horses, equestrian, equine, sports, entertainment