Gh. Hrinca


DESCRIPTION OF THE HAEMOLYTIC SYSTEM FOR TESTING THE BLOOD GROUPS IN SMALL RUMINANTS

Gh. Hrinca

Abstract
The paper analyses the biochemical, structural and physiological peculiarities of the haemolytic system (antigen–antibody–complement) which underlines the technique used in the serology of blood groups – haemolysis – for detecting the blood group factors in sheep and goats. The evolution of the whole haemolytic process in ovicaprinae is presented (sensitiveness of erythrocytes, their coupling with antibodies, forming operation of antigen-antibody complex, activity phases of the complement fractions and C1'-esterase, alteration of erythrocyte membrane, haemoglobin remission).

Key words: antigen, antibody, complement, blood group, ovicaprinae