RESEARCH REGARDING PRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL SPECIFIC TO GOATS BRED IN N-E PART OF ROMANIA
C. Pascal, N. Zaharia, Mihaela Ivancia, I. Padeanu
The present paper is part of an ampler program which approaches the study of the productive potential of goats from Romania, with the purpose to elaborate a program for their genetic improvement. The genetic material taken for study is comprised of a number of 300 adult goats and 370 young goats of different ages. We monitored, through specific laboratory exams and measurements several indicators regarding the goats, such as: the weight at delivery (2,18-2,30 kg and the degree of corporal development (42,35 ± 0,425 kg in females and of 46,5 ± 0,353 kg in males.), traits which characterize the pilose coating (the fine hair with a length of 5,53 ± 0,055 cm and fineness of 14,65 ± 0,066 µ, and the hair 12,43 ± 0,033 cm and respectively 21,31 ± 0,26 µ)., the lactogenic potential (over 500g in the interval May-July and similar to this value in the interval August-September ) the qualitative milk parameters (fat between 3,19% and 4,02%, proteins between 2,62% and 3,75%, and lactose around the value of 4%); aptitudes regarding the milk production (the daily average growth rates were of 167,512 ± 1,252g in the case of males and 151,302 ± 2,414g in females). The goats bred and exploited in the private sector from the North-East part of Romania are characterized through a strong heterogeneity.
Key words: goats, milk, weight, corporal – development