B. Pasarin


RESEARCHES CONCERNING BREEDING PERFOMANCES RECORDED TO PIC 1050 AND CAMBOROUGH SOWS EXPLOITED IN S.C. SUINPROD S.A. ROMAN

B. Pasarin, G. Hoha, Elena Costachescu, I. Banatean Dunea

Abstract
Through this paper, we proposed to establish the reproduction performances of sows PIC lines exploited within a top unit in Moldova in swine husbandry - S.C.SUINPROD S.A. ROMAN. There have been studied individuals resulted from GP 1050 and Camborough sows, following the standard working protocol in the unit. Comparing the fecundity values, they passed over 81 % in both groups (PIC 1050 81.72 %; Camborough 81.90 %), suggesting thus that both groups present special maternal features. Average prolificacy of the sows, expressed as the amount of farrowed pigs, was higher in Camborough sows (12.11 piglets / parturition) as compared to PIC 1050 sows (11.33 piglets / parturition), meaning + 6.8%. Both achieved values were in accordance with the data specified by the scientific references. Piglets casualties, in both groups, were less than 10%, compared to the references, which indicate 15 % casualties till weaning. The reduced casualty percentage could be explained by both better sows quality and provided technological conditions during gestation, parturition and weaning. From the analysis of the achieved performances at GP 1050 and Camborough sows, it revealed that these females present remarkable maternal qualities: very good fecundity, high prolificacy, docile temperament and long lasting exploitation period.

Key words: sows, PIC, performance, reproduction