A COMPARATIVE STUDY CONCERNING ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY FOR VARIOUS LEVELS OF MILK YIELD
This paper aimed to present a comparative study concerning the analysis of the economic efficiency in dairy farming in close relashionship to milk yield performances. Two milk yield levels /cow/year were taken into consideration as follows: V1-4,000 kg milk and V2 – 6,500 kg milk. For each variant, the following specific indicators were calculated: gross product, variable, fixed and total production costs, gross margin and profit. The V1 variant registered Euro 1,932.64 total production costs, Euro 912.68 gross margin and Euro 787.5 profit while the V2 variant recorded Euro 1.575.72 total production costs, Euro 457.46 gross margin and Euro 366.47 profit. As a conclusion, the increase of milk yield assures the growing up of economic efficiency in terms of gross margin and profit.
Key words: efficiency, dairy farming, gross margin